Banana; It is a fastidious and perishable crop that can only be grown in tropical regions. The most advanced method of storing bananas is a kind of atmosphere-controlled warehouse with high air flow, temperature, humidity and ethylene control.
Contrary to popular belief, bananas are harvested when they are green. After being ripened to commercial sizes and washed in water with fungicide, they are placed in cold storages where a temperature varying between 12-15 degrees and a relative humidity of 85%-90% are provided. As a climacteric fruit, the respiratory rate of bananas is higher than most fruit varieties. Due to the high storage temperature of this excited fruit, the possibility of reducing the respiratory rate is also limited.
Erdemler Cooling provides service with banana ripening rooms that offer the most cost-effective solution for ripening fruits. The ripening procedure is used to ripen most fruits such as bananas, mangoes, papayas by regulating temperature, humidity and ethylene concentration in sealed chambers with the aid of ethylene gas. Ethylene, which works like a natural hormone, does not pose any health hazard for fruits, and at the same time, it provides added value to the fruit by enabling the skin of the product to turn from green to yellow and to preserve the sweetness and aroma of the fruits.
Banana releases ethylene during respiration. This secretion further accelerates the ripening of the fruit. Therefore, the most critical factor in the storage of bananas is the level of ethylene. If the ethylene in storage cannot be purified and removed with ethylene cleaners, it will not be possible to preserve the banana for a long time.
Unfortunately, banana is not an ideal fruit for long-term storage. Bananas, which are stored as green and have a maximum storage period of 6-7 weeks, are not shipped directly from the warehouse to the market.By giving ethylene to the banana in a controlled manner in special rooms, the chlorophyll in the shell is broken down and depending on the temperature, it ripened between 3 and 8 days and is sent to the markets.